Recruitment process outsourcing (RPO) is a form of business process outsourcing (BPO) where an employer outsources or transfers all or part of its recruitment activities to an external service provider. The Recruitment Process Outsourcing Association defines RPO as follows: "when a provider acts as a company's internal recruitment function for a portion or all of its jobs. RPO providers manage the entire recruiting/hiring process from job profiling through the onboarding of the new hire, including staff, technology, method and reporting. A properly managed RPO will improve a company's time to hire, increase the quality of the candidate pool, provide verifiable metrics, reduce cost and improve governmental compliance".
The RPO Alliance, a group of the Human Resources Outsourcing Association (HROA), approved this definition in February 2009: "Recruitment Process Outsourcing (RPO) is a form of business process outsourcing (BPO) where an employer transfers all or part of its recruitment processes to an external service provider. An RPO provider can provide its own or may assume the company's staff, technology, methodologies and reporting.
In all cases, RPO differs greatly from providers such as staffing companies and contingent/retained search providers in that it assumes ownership of the design and management of the recruitment process and the responsibility of results.
Occasional recruitment support, for example temporary, contingency and executive search services, is more analogous to out-tasking, co-sourcing or just sourcing. In this model, the service provider is just a source for certain types of recruitment activity. The distinction between RPO and other types of staffing is that in RPO, the service provider assumes control of the process.
Cost reserve funds could be the main motivation why organizations look outside to employ the skill they require. On the off chance that work is being performed by somebody who is a self employed entity, the organization basically pays the sum consented to in the agreement. No finance charge or different conclusions are taken, which implies that installment preparing is streamlined.
At the point when a business outsources some occupation duties, the organization has the adaptability to purchase benefits just amid the circumstances they are required. Contracts can be composed to enlist a temporary worker for a particular time, for a particular venture just, or on as-required premise. The business pays just for work performed, instead of paying a compensation to a worker all the time.
Amid times when the occupation advertise is tight, outsourcing implies that organizations approach a bigger pool of laborers. On the off chance that the business is interested in having a few capacities performed offsite, at that point the association is not restricted to considering nearby ability as it were.
The universe of business is contracting, and many organizations are putting forth their items to a worldwide commercial center. At the point when a few capacities, similar to client bolster, are outsourced to a supplier working an alternate time zone, the business can keep on looking after client needs outside of customary business hours.